4.2.4 Verifying disk writes
Verifying that the data we wrote to the master made it to the slave is easy: we merely need to write a unique dummy value after our important data, and then check for it on the slave. But verifying that the data made it to disk is more difficult. If we wait at least one second, we know that our data made it to disk. But if we’re careful, we may be able to wait less time by checking the output of INFO for the value of aof_pending_bio_fsync, which will be 0 if all data that the server knows about has been written to disk. To automate this check, we can use the function provided in the next listing, which we’d call after writing our data to the master by passing both the master and slave connections.
OTHER INFORMATION FROM THE INFO COMMAND
The INFO command can offer a wide range of information about the current status of a Redis server—memory used, the number of connected clients, the number of keys in each database, the number of commands executed since the last snapshot, and more. Generally speaking, INFO is a good source of information about the general state of our Redis servers, and many resources online can explain more.
To ensure correct operation, this function will first verify that the slave is connected to the master. It’ll then poll the slave, looking for the value that it had added to the sync wait ZSET. After it has found that the value has made it to the slave, it’ll then check on the status of the Redis write buffer, waiting for it to either say that there are no pending syncs to disk (signaling that the change had made it to disk), or wait for up to one second. We wait for one second under the assumption that after one second, the data had been synced to disk, but there’s so much writing to Redis that we didn’t catch when the data had been synced. After verifying the write to disk, we then clean up after ourselves.
By combining replication and append-only files, we can configure Redis to be resilient against system failures.